Geographic Range. Southern cassowaries are found in New Guinea, Cape York, Ceram and Aru Islands. (“Cassowaries”, ; “Ostriches and their Relatives. In the past, eight races (casuarius, tricarunculatus, bistriatus, lateralis, sclaterii, johnsonii, aruensis and bicarunculatus) or more were commonly recognized;. Learn more about the Southern cassowary – with amazing Southern cassowary videos, photos and facts on Arkive.

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Young cassowaries are brown and have buffy stripes.

They destroy nests and eggs but their worst effect is as competitors for food, which could be catastrophic for the cassowaries during lean times. This is an indicative distribution map of the present distribution of the species based on best available knowledge.

Referring to a mating system in which a female mates with several males during one breeding fasuarius compare polygynous.

Incubation, which is exclusively done by the males, lasts for 47 casuarlus 61 days. Presently, most authorities consider the southern cassowary monotypicbut xasuarius subspecies have been described. This makes them a keystone species in the World Heritage listed rainforests of tropical Queensland.

From Wikipedia, the free encyclopedia. Retrieved July 7, The attacks included only one human death. The Commonwealth does not accept any responsibility for any loss or damage that may be occasioned directly or indirectly through the use of, or reliance on, the information casuarus in this database.

Only subscribers are able to see the bibliography. Southern cassowaries live primarily in lowland rainforests, typically less than 1, meters elevation, and occasionally are found in eucalyptus forests, savannas, palm scrub, and in forested swamps.

Species Profile and Threats Database

The biggest threat to southern cassowaries is the destruction of their habitat. As for eating the cassowary, it is supposed to be quite tough. Epiphytes and climbing plants are also abundant. See also dwarf cassowary and northern cassowary.


Cassowaries feed mainly on fruitalthough all species are truly omnivorous and will take a range of other plant food, including shoots and grass seeds, in addition to fungiinvertebratesand small vertebrates. Casuarius Southern cassowary C. Paul [34] and Jared Diamond To make the most of all of HBW’s features, discover our subscriptions now!

Recommended citation Folch, A. It also eats fungi, and some insects and small vertebrates.

Southern cassowary – Wikipedia

The one documented human death was caused by a cassowary on 6 April Caged birds are regularly bereft of their fresh plumes. Implications of environmental catastrophes and climate change for the management of an endangered species: Cassowaries are a keystone species of rain forests because they eat fallen fruit whole and distribute seeds across the jungle floor via excrement. The southern cassowary is a solitary bird, which pairs only in breeding season, in late winter or spring.

Sharp-tailed sandpiper Calidris acuminata. Status and conservation Not globally threatened Least Concern. The southern cassowary is a large, flightless bird with a helmet of tough skin on its head, used to push through vegetation in the rainforest. Cassowaries in north-eastern Queensland: Habitat In New Guinea typically in rainforest at moderate altitude, but also in gallery forest, swamp Reciprocal ecosystem impact and behavioural interactions between cassowaries, Casuarius casuariusand humans, Homo sapiensexploring the natural-human environment interface and its implications for endangered species recovery.

Movements Presumably sedentary, with some evidence of irregular nomadic movements, especially in disturbed As solitary animals, southern cassowaries have their own home cassuarius which they will defend against other cassowaries.


The southern cassowary is a rainforest inhabitant, although it is also found in nearby savanna, mangroves and fruit plantations 3.

Classification Kingdom Animalia animals Animalia: All cassowaries have feathers that consist of a shaft and loose barbules. Native distribution of the southern cassowary.

International Union for Conservation of Nature. Collection of group names. Listed as Endangered as Casuarius casuarius johnsonii. Bulletin of the American Museum of Natural History. Archived from the original on It is a ratite and therefore related to emuostrichand the Rhea and Kiwi genera.

Southern cassowary

The male incubates the eggs for 50—52 days, removing or adding litter to regulate the temperature, then protects the chicks, who stay in the nest for about nine months, defending casuariius fiercely against all potential predators, including humans. There, the birds are more susceptible to vehicles and dogs.

Prioritising the protection of habitat utilised by southern cassowaries Casuarius casuarius johnsonii. The Tide is Stemmed.

Southern Cassowary (Casuarius casuarius) | HBW Alive

The adult colouring and casque begin to develop between two and four years of age 4. They move on when the fruit is depleted. Environment Australia and Birds Australia.

Juveniles are brown instead of black and have smaller casques. The male incubates the eggs for around 50 days, turning the eggs and only leaving his charges in order to drink.

Significant Impact Guidelines for the endangered southern cassowary Casuarius casuarius johnsonii Wet Tropics Population.